Impaired Driving Offences

Impaired driving and dangerous driving are federal crimes punishable under the Criminal Code of Canada. Both offences allege or contain an aspect of conduct that potentially endangers the life of the accused and others around the accused, including passengers, pedestrians and other motorists. In addition to fines and possible jail terms...

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Criminal Trial and Appeals

A criminal trial commences when the state (“the Crown) prosecutes an individual, a group of a corporation for a narcotics or criminal offence. The Crown always has the burden of proof to convict the accused with admissible evidence that constitutes evidence that proves the guilt of the accused beyond a reasonable doubt.

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Narcotics, Possession, and Trafficking

Narcotics possession and trafficking in Canada are prohibited criminal activities dealt with under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA) since 1996, though some provisions remain in force in theCriminal Code of Canada (e.g., s.462.1 and s.462.2). Charges for drug possession and trafficking are prosecuted by the Public Prosecutions Services of Canada...

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Fraud and Theft

In our society, fraud and theft are crimes with common elements as both have the element of the deprivation of property from another person. These two offences also require not just the act itself, but a specific intent to deprive someone of their property. The precise legal definitions of these offences are found under the Criminal Code of Canada.

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Firearms Possession

Unlike in the United States, Canadian law does not recognize a constitutional right, or even a legal right, to bear or possess firearms. On the contrary, in the current state of Canadian law, firearms possession is a crime, recognized as such by the Criminal Code. In order to avoid being charged under the Criminal Code, the Firearms Act, or the regulations enacted under either...

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Sexual Assault

A sex crime charge is one of the most difficult charges a defendant can face. There is a significant social stigma of being charged with a sex crime, even if you are never convicted. You could face permanent damage to your reputation, your career and your family. If convicted, you could be registered on Canada’s National Sex Offender Registry...

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Murder and Assault

Murder and assault are the most serious criminal offences and if convicted of murder, an accused is liable to a sentence of life imprisonment. An assault case may be more serious if the offence involves assault with a weapon, assault causing bodily harm, or aggravated assault. Theses charges attract thorough police investigation, rigourous prosecution and the most punitive penalties of all criminal offences.

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Organized Crime

Modern culture has fostered a sensationalized perception of organized crime that is actually quite different than the legal definition. The mafia, dons, images associated with “The Godfather”, and international terrorist groups may come to mind with organized crime; the perception is one of monopolistic, formally structured, ethnically homogenous organizations undertaking illegal activities with an economic motive.

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Experts

If you have a criminal trial, the Crown prosecution and your lawyer may call witnesses to give evidence about what they know. Most witnesses are ordinary individuals; they may have seen or heard an incident or accident occur or heard others talking about it. By contrast, an “expert witness” is a witness with knowledge about a particular topic that can assist the court in understanding an issue being argued in the trial.

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